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Facts About Raccoons for keeping at Home

Raccoons began to tame relatively recently, but these animals have already gained huge popularity due to naughtiness and funny appearance. However, it is important to remember: such a pet will require not only significant financial investments but also a change in lifestyle. Facts about raccoons for keeping at home. We should not forget that the raccoons have partially preserved wild habits and are always ready to stand up for themselves.

Facts About Raccoons for keeping at Home
Facts About Raccoons for keeping at Home

 Interesting facts about raccoons peculiarities behavior

Raccoons are smart, capricious, and extremely restless animals. They are playful and curious, and the presence of strong and human-like moving fingers gives them a lot of opportunities for both research and hooliganism. Sensitive vibrisses in raccoons are located not only on the muzzle, but also on the paws, so it is very important for them to have tactile contact. If a dog or cat an unfamiliar thing will prefer to sniff and examine, then the raccoon will want to touch it, bite it and if possible disassemble it.

Raccoon paws are hardly inferior to human hands in dexterity.

Raccoons sleep up to 12 hours a day, at the rest of the time behave very actively. On the day the animal needs to run about 2 km or spend the same amount of energy on games. Because of the excess of unspent energy begins "bear rocking" - the animal just runs back and forth, almost not responding to external stimuli. This is not a disease yet, but an indication that the raccoon should be given more opportunities for energy output.

The joints of the raccoon's hind legs bend 180 degrees, which allows them to perform amazing acrobatic tricks while climbing trees.

At the same time, raccoons, being very social animals, need companions for games. On average, such a pet should be given at least 5 hours a day.

In nature, raccoons often live close to the water, so it is loved: if possible, bathe for up to three hours a day, in addition, they like to throw things in their drinker or pool.

Facts about raccoons for raising 

Young raccoons are especially destructive - they can crack linoleum and walls, break all the things they get in their paws, pull out and eat flowers. From 5 to 8 months comes a particularly difficult period - "teenage rebellion", when the animal seeks to prove its independence and checks the boundaries of the allowed. If at this time, allow mischievous behavior, it will be perpetuated forever.

You can't beat raccoons, as a punishment, it's better to reprimand strictly - these are animals sensitively catch intonations of speech.

Upbringing should include:

  • socialization;
  • training for a tray and a leash;
  • transfer to a daytime lifestyle - in the nature of raccoons are active at night.

Warning! Raccoons can not be completely weaned to bite - easy biting is part of the normal interaction with congeners. In addition, these animals do not tolerate rough treatment and just obsessed.

Families with children under 7 years old cannot breed raccoons.

Facts About Raccoons for keeping at Home

During the gonna race, usually coming in spring, the animals show sharp mood swings and behave more aggressively.

With cats and dogs, raccoons usually get along well, but smaller pets can become their prey. Of course, much depends on the second animal - with an aggressive dog it is better not to leave a raccoon unattended.

Raccoons get along well with cats, especially if they grew up together.

Adult raccoons do not get used to new people and change of residence, so it is extremely undesirable to give them away. Pets do not survive on the outside.

On average, raccoons live to 20 years. Sexual maturity comes at 1 year in females and at 2 years in males.

 1. Raccoon care

Care for raccoons is difficult primarily because of the hyperactivity of these animals. There are a number of other features.

 2. Raccoon feeding

Raccoons are fed 2-3 times a day. The weight of an adult animal may vary from 5 to 20 kg depending on the season: by winter the raccoons accumulate fat, in spring they rapidly lose weight.

It is possible to give:

  • Fat boiled meat: chicken, turkey, beef, rabbit meat.
  • shrimps and boiled boneless sea fish: hake, pollock, cod, flounder, sea bass.
  • Eggs, quails are especially useful; sour-milk products: cottage cheese, unsweetened yogurt, sour cream.
  • Vegetables: carrots, asparagus, pumpkin, zucchinis.
  • Fruit: apples, pears, bananas, grapes, peaches, kiwi.
  • berries: raspberries, strawberries, cherries.
  • porridge: oatmeal, buckwheat, rice.
  • Nuts - several pieces per week; dried fruit; oatmeal cookies: 1-2 pieces per week as a reward.

Raccoons tend to choose food to the mood and may refuse the product, which they ate yesterday with pleasure, so it is difficult to think over the diet for them in advance.

Raccoons should not be given smoked, pickled, sweet, and salty food, as well as citrus fruits, redfish, and chocolate.

3. Place to stay

If possible, a raccoon should be allocated a separate room with a game complex and a mini-pool.

The animal should not have access to electrical appliances and wires, PVC pipes, gas valves, valuable things, and expensive decorative elements. The windows should have strong mesh.

Facts About Raccoons for keeping at Home

Raccoons can also be kept in an enclosure at least 1 m wide and 1.5 m long, in height - the higher the better, ideally up to the ceiling. In every 40 cm vertically there should be shelves connected by stairs. It is still undesirable to lock the animal in the cage for a long time - while the owners of the house, it is better to let him out.

There should be a room or an enclosure:

drinker and feeder; tray; at least two shelters; water basin, if there is no pool.

Raccoons are easily accustomed to the tray, but during the race can mark the territory. Some individuals prefer to cope with the need for water, in this case, it will have to change frequently.

Do not place the aviary on the balcony - in summer, an animal may die from heat because of the specifics of the body.

The raccoon cage should be as spacious as possible.

 4. Walks

Walking in the fresh air raccoons are very useful, in addition, a fattened pet will require less attention at home.

Many raccoons do not react well to carrying: they are quickly pumped up, and stress can raise temperatures. If the animal can't walk on a leash, it's better to hold it in your arms.

In winter, do not let the raccoon walk on the paths sprinkled with reagents: because of the sensitive skin on its paws, it can cause chemical burns, and if the pet licked his fingers, then poisoning.

5. Hygienic procedures

To keep wool clean, raccoons usually have enough independent baths. Shampoos for cats or dogs should not be used more than three times a year.

Lynching is abundant, until the appearance of bald spots. At this time, it is necessary to actively comb the animal, including the furminator. A gentle massage is also useful. The fallen hair must be cleaned quickly, otherwise, it will cause coughing.

Also refers to the necessary hygiene procedures:

  • trimming long claws if the raccoon does not bite them off itself;
  • ear cleaning 2-3 times a month;
  • teeth brushing 2-3 times a week.

Vaccinations and treatment against worms are obligatory.

Find a veterinarian in advance - not all specialists work with exotic animals.